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古诗词欣赏中的语言风格鉴赏

诗词鉴赏方法二十讲_古诗词鉴赏的方法_古诗词鉴赏方法/

 

   ★★考点解读★★

  欣赏诗歌语言风格的题型不是揣摩个别词语的运用技巧,而是欣赏整首诗(词)所表达的语言风格,即语言风格(特点)。以全诗为基础。 一个常见的错误就是从语言的运用上揣摩出作者的精字细句,并解释用词的巧妙。

  首先,我们必须注意到,语言特征(风格)不能等同于语言的使用(词语精化); 其次,我们必须注意到,语言特征(风格)不能等同于语言特征。 诗歌的语言特征包括词语精炼、修辞特征、语言风格等。

   ★★提示★★

  回答步骤

   1、辨认特征:用一两个词准确指出语言特征。

   2.举例:用诗中的相关句子详细分析这一特点。

   3、分析功能:指出作者表达了什么样的情感。

  款式分类

   [语言风格分类1]

  古诗词的语言风格一般有清新、明快、凝练、含蓄、华丽、简洁、凝练、飘逸、隽​​永、晦涩等类型。

   1、新鲜:主要指语言简单、新颖。

   2、明亮:主要指语言风格直接、清晰、清爽、辛辣,往往斩钉截铁、一目了然。

   3、简洁(精炼):主要指语言简洁、含义丰富。

   4、隐含:有时也称蕴含,其特点是意义隐藏在词语后面。 通常不会直接说明,而是以曲折的方式讲述。 话在这里,但意图在那里。 有时只介绍词而不说,或者不说词,让读者理解。

   5、华丽(辉煌):主要指丰富的词汇、辉煌的文采、奇幻的情感。

   6、简洁(平实、自然):主要是指用精确的文字直接描述,全是白描,不加修饰,使之显得真实、深刻、平易近人。

   7、简洁:特点是干净、简洁。

   8、巩俐:既讲究华丽的言辞,又讲究整齐的对抗。

   9、有意义:意义深刻,值得咀嚼。

   10、晦涩:主要指语言晦涩、遥远、难以理解。

   [语言风格分类2]

   1、豪迈雄壮:这种风格的诗歌常用有气势、有节奏的语言,塑造宽广新颖的形象,营造宏大深远的意境,表达积极向上的思想感情。 比如李白的《庐山诗寄卢石玉虚洲》:“登高望远,天地间大江不复返。黄云千里外,风吹过。”风吹着,白色的浪花在雪山上流淌。”

   2、郁闷、沮丧:郁闷的意思是深沉、深刻。 忧郁的诗人胸中仿佛积攒了万千言语,再三思索,便从笔下迸发出来。 比如杜甫的《登皋》中,“千里悲秋,常为客,数百年病,台上独我,恨我身上的艰辛,霜霜”。太阳穴,郁闷的时候酒杯就浑浊了。”

   3、慷慨悲壮:这种风格的作品思想悲壮,文字昂扬,充满时代情感。 他们中的一些人才未能向时代求贤若渴,或忧时忧国忧民,郁郁愤慨。 例如,陈子昂的《登幽州台歌》中,“前无古人,后无新人,思天地漫漫,悲涕落泪”。

   4、简洁自然:语言力求平实,不追求文字的华丽。 表现出朴实无华的特点,平淡中却蕴藏着深刻的意义。 比如陶渊明的《饮酒》:“采菊东篱下,悠然见南山,山气日渐好,鸟儿飞来飞去。”

   5、雍容细腻:这种风格常体现出“曲、薄、柔”的特点,曲径通幽,缠绵缠绵,抒发情感薄如丝。 比如李清照的《武陵春》:“风驻尘埃,香花尽去。晚梳头厌,物异人无事,我要言”。先流泪了,听说双溪的春天好,打算乘船出去,恐怕双溪的帆船承载不了多少忧伤。

   6、含蓄委婉:含有深意但隐藏而不显露。 这种风格往往不直接陈述含义,而是将其隐藏在图像中,让读者想象和思考。 比如朱庆余的《送张水布的少女情》:“昨夜婚房里点起红烛,候在堂前拜见姑姑,妆毕,低下头”。眉毛问老公女婿,眉毛颜色是深还是浅?

   7、清新明快:这种风格常用清晰的语言来营造优美的意境,表达欢乐的感情。 他的艺术境界就像大雨后清澈的柳色和荷叶上颤抖的晶莹水滴。 例如周邦彦的《苏牧者》云:“叶上日出雨干,水面清圆,风一一掀起”。

   8、幽默、讽刺:在诗歌中多指幽默、滑稽或辛辣的文风和趣味。 比如张洁的《焚书坑》:“竹帛烟尽,官河空,祖龙居锁,帝业徒然。坑中灰烬未尽。”天冷了,山东乱了,刘翔本来就不读书。”

   [语言风格分类3]

   1、常见作家的语言风格:屈原雄伟悲壮,曹操豪放雄伟,陶渊明朴实自然,杜甫忧郁失意,白居易通俗易懂,李白豪迈飘逸,王昌龄雄健昂扬,杜牧雄浑俊秀,李商隐飘逸俊秀,王维恬静雍容,温庭筠绚丽芬芳,高适悲壮苍凉,李贺雄伟雍容,刘墉多愁善感,苏轼豪爽宽广,李清照雍容含蓄,辛弃疾慷慨悲壮。

   2、不同类型的诗歌有不同的风格:宫廷诗缠绵婉约,田园诗宁静安逸,山水诗清新婉约,边疆诗悲凉大方,寓言诗忧郁愤怒,史诗雄壮而豪迈。宏大、怀旧的诗篇深沉而悠远,告别诗篇则深刻。 。

   ★★经典例子★★

   1.【2019年新高考课程第三卷】阅读下列唐诗,完成每题。

  田间插入歌(节选)

  刘玉玺

  山坡上花草遍地,燕子东飞西飞。

  田野看起来像一条线,白色的水面光线不均匀。

  农妇穿着白色格子裙,农民父亲穿着绿色椰壳雨衣。

  他们都一起唱迎中歌,听起来像《竹枝》。

  这句台词的语言风格与《扬州第一宴赏乐天见礼》有何不同? (6分)

  【答】《扬州初宴赏乐天见礼》对白工整,典故运用精准,语言优雅流畅。 这些句子特别运用了民歌、俚语的表现手法,描写田野风光和劳动场景。 语言通俗、简单、清新。 光滑的。 《田歌》这首诗的诗句运用了民歌、俚语的表现手法,描写田野风光和劳动场景。 语言简洁、清新、流畅。

  【分析】考查学生对诗歌语言风格的鉴赏能力。 古代诗歌语言的风格和特点多种多样,有的清新,有的朴素。 有的诗色彩丰富,有的诗平淡简单。 有的诗语言清晰,有的诗则含蓄,说一说又说另一。 有些诗平易近人,而另一些诗则危险而怪异。 欣赏它的风格和特点,就是欣赏语言的美和内涵。 《扬州第一宴赏乐天见礼》是一首七韵诗。 这首诗首先紧扣白居易诗的最后联“吾亦知其才所毁,二十三年毁也”。 表达了对自己被贬、被抛弃的处境的无限辛酸和怨恨。 然后写一下回来后的感受:老朋友去世了,只剩下无尽的怀念,一切都变了,感觉自己像一个来自另一个世界的人。 无限的悲伤和忧郁不禁油然而生。 诗人随即退一步,只见万帆竞相沉船侧; 病树前,万树争春。 洗去了悲伤和低落的情绪,展现出慷慨激昂的精神。 末联点明了题赏赠之意,既是感谢朋友的关心,又是与朋友的相互鼓励,表现了诗人坚定的意志和乐观的精神。 全诗情感真挚,忧郁豪放。 它不仅体现了深刻的人生哲理,而且具有很强的艺术感染力。 《插秧歌》以俚语的形式描述了农民插秧的情景以及农民与规划者的对话。 前六句用浅色和简洁的线条勾勒出连州郊区插秧时节的美丽景色和农妇的衣着。 色彩协调,具有浓郁的江南水乡气息。 接下来的六句话描述了农民通过自己的听觉工作的情感。 全诗采用白描手法,语言通俗,对话均为口语。 它朴实、活泼、有趣,生动地表现了不同身份人物的不同心理状态和性格特征,深刻抓住了汉乐府民歌的精髓。

   2.【2018年高考新课标第三卷】阅读下列唐诗,完成各小题。

  慈经纬

  王健

  精卫,是谁教你填海的? 海边的鹅卵石碧绿明亮。

  但如果把海水当作干塘,海里的鱼和龙会做什么呢?

  石头怎么可能被举在空中呢? 山上的植被没有完整的枝条。

  晨在树顶,黄昏在海,飞翔的羽毛折断,落入水中。

  山未竭,海未平。 愿我的身体死了,但我的儿子还活着。

  下列对这首诗的评价中,错误的是( )

   A。 作者对精卫努力填海的动机感到困惑,因此以一个问题开始整篇文章。

   B.这首诗的第三、四行想象如果有一天海水干涸,海里的鱼和龙也会有麻烦。

   C、第五至第八句重点描写精卫围海的艰辛。 他不仅忙碌、劳累,而且还遍体鳞伤。

   D、这首诗的语言如文字一般朴素、平实,与白居易的《观毛毛》诗有异曲同工之妙。

  【答案】A

  【解析】本题考查欣赏古代诗词作品的形象、语言和表现技巧的能力。 本课题选取的诗歌素材是一首七言古诗。 诗中作者探讨并抒发了对精卫填海古代神话中“精卫”这个人物的感受。 对于阅读范围广、了解这个神话故事的学生来说,并不难; 但对于阅读范围窄、不了解这个神话故事的学生来说,就会有困难。 问题给出的四个选项中,前三个是关于欣赏诗的内容,后者是关于欣赏诗的语言。 其中,A项考验对诗内容的欣赏和对诗人写作意图的理解。 该表达涉及诗的第一句。 从诗的最后两句就可以看出,“山未平海未平,愿我身死,愿我子生”。 作者对精卫这个神话人物的赞扬表明,“作者对精卫开垦动机感到困惑”的说法是错误的。 B项欣赏这首诗的内容,且表达正确; C项欣赏诗中精卫的形象,表达正确; D项欣赏这首诗的语言风格,表达正确。 考生在作答时,首先要注意了解作者的生活经历和诗的写作背景,逐行翻译诗,然后把握诗的形象,分析诗创造了什么样的意境,理解了什么样的思想。以及作者所表达的情感,并思考这首诗的含义。 使用了哪些表达技巧。 然后一一核对选项即可得到答案。

   3.【2018·北京高考】阅读下列宋诗,然后回答问题。 (6分)

  满江洪送李正植判蜀①

  辛弃疾

  蜀道升天,一杯酒赠绣衣行人。 他还感叹自己中年多病,不忍离别。 东北看诸葛彪,西南看草如兮③。 把功名和荣誉打包起来付给诸侯,就像椽笔一样。

  不要让你的孩子流泪。 荆楚路,我看得出来。 我需要准备一首有关庐山风景的新诗。 赤壁极头的永恒波涛,同探磨的三更月。 梅花千里外,雪深时,我们要相思。

  【注】①此诗作于宋孝宗淳熙十一年(1184年),辛弃疾在江西上饶时。 提议刑罚、官衔,主管地方司法、监察等事务。 ②绣衣:官服。 ③相如习:指司马相如所著的《于巴蜀习》,其主要目的是安抚巴蜀百姓。 ④通探模:指襄阳。

  清代陈廷焯在《白玉斋词话》中评价这首诗的艺术特色:“龙虎吼声中,多了一丝温柔”。 请谈谈你对上述评论的理解,并根据具体词语和句子进行简要解释。 (6分)

  【答】①本词整体风格豪放、豪放,但也可以轻松、轻松,有时带有柔和(平和、温柔、细腻)的触感。 ②如上栏“东北望诸葛彪,西南草如哨”气势磅礴,下栏“新诗待备,庐山风光” ”、“赤壁头长波,同滩路三更明月”意境宏大。 宽阔,都是典型的豪放笔触,堪称“龙吼虎啸”。 ③如上行诗“中年仍感病,不忍离别”低调而委婉,下行诗“梅花时”千里之外雪深须相忆”清晰、美好、永恒,都堪称“温柔”。

  【分析】首先我们要准确理解陈廷卓两条评论的含义。 “龙吼虎吼”形容声音洪亮或气势强大。 这是指词的节奏粗犷、陡峭,“和”是指平和、放松。 两者在诗歌语言和表现手法上是完全不同的风格。 从对这个词的理解来看,其中的典故和成就、安慰的情感是豪放而宏大的,而作者对自己的生活和朋友的不舍则显得细腻而温柔。

   4.【2013年高考天津试卷】阅读下面这首诗,完成问题。

  鹧鸪天送郭去秋审①

  【宋】辛弃疾

  白苎麻②新袍柔嫩清凉。 春天啃咬着回廊里的树叶。 玉门③已备桃花波,月宫先采桂花香。 彭北海,冯朝阳。 他一路上还带着他的书和剑。 明年这一天,青云将远去,他却会嘲笑世间养儿育女的忙碌。

  【注】①秋试:科举时代在秋季举行的考试。 ②白苎麻(zhù):用白苎麻织成的布。 ③玉门:即龙门。 古时用“鱼跃龙门”来指代考试及格。

   “彭北海,风朝阳。携书剑走茫茫路”是如何体现辛氏词豪放的特点的?

  【答】①形象豪迈:“鹏”、“凤”的形象不同于一般的鸟类,给人一种英雄主义的感觉; ②意境广阔:“北海”、“太阳”、“路”等形成广阔的意境; ③精神坚强:背书持剑,表现出一种既优雅又坚强的精神。 (只要答案正确,将酌情奖励积分。)

  【解析】本题考察的是写作风格。 “鹏”、“凤”的形象不同于一般的鸟类,给人一种英雄主义的感觉; “北海”、“阳光”给人一种开阔的感觉; 背书持剑,自然流露出作者飘逸雄健的气韵。 。 这些形象的选择和服饰的描写都体现了辛词奔放的特点。

   5、【2020年山东省潍坊市高中第一学期期末高考】阅读下列宋诗,完成每题。

  晁仲措派刘仲原出镇守未央

  欧阳修

  平山的窗台倚着晴空,山景混杂。 堂前栽垂柳,以避春风。

  文章总督,一写千言,一饮千钟。 年轻时要玩得开心,年老时要向往。

  【注】①庆历八年,欧阳修出任扬州刺史,修建平山殿,为淮南最宏伟的殿堂。 占据了长江以南数百里的疏冈之上。 ②《宋史·刘长(子元甫)传》:因他文采斐然,在控制外制时,会出真手,追九人为王。和大师。

  这首诗一改作者深情悠扬的文风,开辟了奔放的写作之路。 你怎么理解这一点? 请结合诗来分析。 (6分)

  【答】①描写风景的境界是广阔的。 平山殿高耸入云,雄伟壮观。 从栏杆上远远望去,景色十分壮丽。 ②写一些非常自豪的人。 “温州督写千字,一饮千饮”用夸张的手法塑造了一个大度、才华横溢的温州督形象。 ③情绪化,积极乐观。 “年少时要自得其乐,前人要敬而老者尽”是一种人生感悟,体现了诗人以乐观的心态面对生活的豪迈作风。一个微笑。

  【分析】结合内容,从意象(景)、人物、所表达的情感等角度进行分析。 与常规的语言风格问题相比,这个问题更像是反其道而行之,告诉我们语言风格是什么,然后让我们分析为什么。 那么在回答这个问题的时候,我们可以从语言、内容等方面入手,探索很多方面,但是一定要记住,我们的中心是围绕语言风格的。

   ★★实用演练★★

   1. 阅读下面一首唐诗,完成下题。

  免费出售松人

  于武令

  虽然我进场是追求利润,但我对你的怜悯是真实的。

  我要把寒剑树卖给翠楼的人。

  薄叶经历几场雪,淡花应是春天。

  长安重桃李,只染六街尘埃。

  这首诗语言委婉,充满讽刺意味。 请结合全诗进行分析。

  【答】①这首诗的“雅”体现在比喻的巧妙运用。 用“松树”来形容有德有才的人,用“翠楼人”来形容朝廷中的权势人物,用“桃李”来形容粗俗无德的人。 话在此,意在彼,言辞委婉。 ②这首诗的“讽刺”体现在对社会现实的讽刺。 诗人的主张是:凡是像松树一样正直有才华的人,都不需要到长安去寻求出路,因为他们不会得到朝廷当权者的注意。 他们需要的就像桃子和李子一样。

  【解析】这是一首寓言诗。 表达了对当下权贵们随波逐流、不识人才的讽刺。 也表达了对像松树一样高贵和卑微的人的同情。 媚俗的高尚节操。

   2. 阅读下面这首诗,完成每一题。

  顾炎武作品《犒赏王妃》作者:顾炎武

  这是一个让秋天的老人感到惊讶的一天,我们在不同的距离看着对方。

  李坏消浊酒,愁见黄花。

  肝胆藏于天地,鬓上之美映于国家。

  千里之外传来如此多的消息,客无家可归。

  注:顾炎武,明清时期著名学者、诗人。 明末,他致力于反对宦官和权贵的斗争。 清兵南下,参加人民反清起义。 入清后,他多次拒绝清廷征召,流亡北方,考察山河情况,希望能够康复。

   ③一般认为顾炎武的诗风与杜甫接近。 请指出顾炎武诗的风格特点并作简要分析。 (4分)

  【答案】(1)风格特点:忧郁或深沉、庄重。 (二)简析:这首诗将深厚的爱国情怀与自己的人生经历和眼前的具体处境紧密结合起来,融为简洁纯粹的诗句,形成了忧郁凝重的风格。

  【解析】这首诗将深厚的爱国情怀与自己的人生经历和眼前的具体处境紧密结合起来,融为凝练纯粹的诗句,形成了忧郁凝重的风格。

   3、阅读下列唐诗,回答问题。

  尤静思回想,王白云在后面【注】

  孟浩然

  离开山谷时已是中午,回到家时已是黄昏。

  回头看下山的路,看见了牛羊。

  樵夫暗自相思,草虫寒无闻。

  横门还开着,他正站在那里等待着自己的丈夫。

  【注】“静思寺”,湖北襄阳附近的一个景点。 “王白云”是孟浩然的同乡好友王炯,又名白云先生。 两人一起去旅行,却在途中失散。

  结合前两联,从描写手法的角度简要分析孟浩然诗风的特点。

  【答】两副对联均采用白描。 首联写的是诗人离开山谷归家的时间。 下联写的是回头看下山的小路,看到成群的牛羊的故事。 展现了他诗风的“轻”特征。

  【解析】本题考察诗歌的风格。 从描写的角度看,前两联描写了诗人中午前去上班,晚上才回来; 回头看下山的小路,只见成群的牛羊。 诗人运用白描的手法,勾勒出一幅简单、轻盈的画面。

   4、阅读下面一首唐诗,回答问题。

  侧院的夕阳

  骆宾王

  北有紫塞流沙,东有黄土八水。

  一旦辞别祖豆,我将追沙鹏千里之外。

  等月常满,源反复空。

  旷野暗气合,烽火明烟清。

  体力因尘埃而疲惫,战场上的岁月也已疲惫。

  河里怪石遍布,山路又远又宽。

  志气达天,诚心行虹。

  若能报恩,龙剑有公、母之分。

  【注释】①皇土,帝都。 ②祖斗,古代用于祭祀、宴会的器物。 诗人曾任太常寺礼尚书。 ③后岳《史记·匈奴列传》:“做事时,待星月。月强则攻,月弱则退。” 4、积石,山名。 指的是小积石,位于甘肃临夏西北,古唐蜀山。

   2、这首诗充分体现了边塞诗歌的豪迈昂扬的风格。 请结合全诗进行分析。

  【答】①在形象选择和意境创作上,选取了《紫帆》、《沙蓬》、《边旗》、《戍烟》等边疆独特场景,表现雄伟辽阔的特色边塞的风情,英雄的意象,营造出一种强大而开放的意境。

   ②在人物塑造上,诗中描写了“追沙蓬”、“始终饱满”、“反复掏空”等边疆战场上的人物活动,表现了人物不畏困难、勇敢进取的精神。 ,乐观向上,意气风发。

   ③在情感表达上,“精诚通虹”、“龙剑雌雄”,通过经典表达感情,“斗志”、“赤诚”、“主恩”则直接表达感情,抒发情感。表达了诗人立功立业、报答君王之恩、报效国家的愿望。 志向。

  【解析】本题主要考察对文学作品形象、语言和表达能力的鉴赏能力。 分析这首诗的风格。 回答此类问题时,要注意对诗的标题、注释以及诗中的关键词和表达方式进行分析。 结合题目《边塞诗的豪迈昂扬风格》内容,对这首诗的意境、人物塑造、情感等方面进行了分析。 选取了“子塞”、“沙棚”、“边旗”、“驻军炊烟”等边疆独特场景,展现边塞雄伟辽阔的特色。 “一日辞祖斗,千里追沙蓬”。 沙蓬,指草丛茂盛,黄沙飞扬,意为长城之外。 这句话的意思是:我辞去朝廷职务,千里迢迢到塞外参军。 这是诗人对自己毅然放弃北京文书的枯燥工作,投身于轰轰烈烈的边疆保卫工作的经历的回忆。 “待月常满,源反复空”。 这是诗人对保卫边塞的激烈而紧张、丰富而艰辛的生活的回忆。 为了抓住进攻和战斗的机会,他时刻保持着警惕; 为了保证战争顺利进行,他寻找水源。 开一条路。 “志气达天,精诚行虹”。 长虹《史记·邹阳传》:“昔荆轲慕燕丹之意,白虹透日,太子畏之。” 诗人一心报国,不关心仕途。 当他看到乌云遮住夕阳时,突然心血来潮,要表达自己真诚报国的志向。 “王恩有报,龙剑有公有母。” The poet used the sword to describe himself, expressing his unswerving thoughts of fighting for the king and fighting for the long-term peace and stability of the border. The poet thought of the distant Chang'an from the front, and in his imagination, he reviewed his choice of joining the army. Then he vividly described the scene of killing and fighting on the battlefield. Based on this, he expressed his desire to repay the kindness of the emperor. , will fight even more courageously to clarify the ambitions of Frontier Fengyan.

   5. Read the following poem and answer the questions.

  长相思

  纳兰性德

   One journey up the mountain, another journey towards the water, walking towards the bank of Yuguan, where thousands of tents are lit in the dead of night.

   The wind is blowing, the snow is blowing, my hometown dreams are shattered, and there is no such sound in my hometown.

   [Note] Nalan Xingde (1655-1685), courtesy name Rongruo, was from the Zhenghuang Banner of the Manchu nationality. This poem was written in the 21st year of Kangxi (1682), when the author accompanied Emperor Kangxi out of Shanhaiguan. Yuguan is now Shanhaiguan.

   This poem has a graceful style. Please briefly analyze it from two aspects: thoughts, feelings and language features.

   [Answer] In terms of thoughts and feelings, this poem describes the poet who is camping far away outside the Great Wall, missing his relatives far away, tossing and turning, and unable to sleep, in the dead of night, when the wind and snow are blowing. The emotions are delicate, mainly expressing the poet's "ego" feelings.

   From the perspective of language characteristics, the melody of this word is harmonious, natural and fresh, and has a soft and graceful beauty, such as "Mountains are a step away, water is a step away", "Wind is a watch, snow is a watch", etc.

   [Analysis] In terms of thoughts and feelings, we can grasp the "hometown" and "hometown" in the words for analysis, and analyze how these images gracefully convey the feeling of homesickness. In terms of language characteristics, it is necessary to analyze the expression of elegance from the author's word choice and pronunciation, such as the use of many "一" characters in the words.

   6. Read the poem below and answer the questions.

   A work to reward the king and his virgins after meeting him for nine days

   Gu Yanwu was surprised by the old man in autumn, and he looked at each other.

   Li Huai eliminates the turbid wine, and worries about seeing yellow flowers.

   The liver and gallbladder are stored in heaven and earth, and the beauty of the temples is reflected in the country.

   I have received news from thousands of miles away, and the guest has no home.

   Note: Gu Yanwu: a famous scholar and poet during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. At the end of the Ming Dynasty, he devoted himself to the struggle against the eunuchs and powerful people. Qing troops went south to participate in the people's uprising against the Qing Dynasty. After entering the Qing Dynasty, he refused to be called up by the Qing court many times and went into exile in the north, inspecting the mountain and river situation and hoping to recover.

   It is generally believed that Gu Yanwu's poetic style is close to that of Du Fu. Please point out the stylistic characteristics of Gu Yanwu's poem and make a brief analysis.

   [Answer] The style of this poem is characterized by melancholy and sadness (or deepness and solemnity). The poet closely combined his deep patriotic feelings with his own life experiences and the specific situation in front of him, and transformed them into concise and pure verses, forming a melancholy and dignified style.

   [Analysis] This question tests the analysis of language style. Candidates must have an understanding of the language style of Du Fu's poetry. Du Fu mainly lived in the Anshi Rebellion in his later period, and formed a poetry style that was mainly melancholy and frustrated. For example, Du Fu's "Ascend the High": "I am often a guest in the sad autumn for thousands of miles, and I am alone on the stage after being sick for a hundred years. I hate the frost on my temples due to hardship, and my wine glass is turbid with new ones." The poem uses the bleak and desolate autumn scenery by the river to describe the poet's later years. Misfortunes and feelings of deep sorrow and anger. Once you have mastered these, and then refer to the notes, it will not be difficult to give the correct answer.

   7. Read the following Song poem and then answer the questions.

   Swimming on the lotus pond in the evening heat

  杨万里

   The thin grass shakes its head and suddenly reports to the peasants, its draped collar catches the west wind.

   The lotus flowers are still sad and hot at dusk, and their lower sides are hidden deep in the green umbrellas.

   Try to appreciate the "fresh and bright" language style of this poem.

   [Answer] This poem was written on a hot summer evening. The poet came to the lotus pond and longed for coolness. He happened to encounter the "thin grass shaking its head". It uses personification and is full of interest. The last two sentences write that the weather is so hot that even the lotus flowers hide under the leaves and do not want to show up, turning silence into movement, full of dynamic beauty. The whole poem is full of rich flavor of life, the tone is lively and interesting, the language is fresh and bright, it is written about heat, but it reveals an infinite "refreshing" feeling.

   [Analysis] The whole poem is full of rich flavor of life. The first two sentences of the poem say that on a hot summer evening, the poet came to the lotus pond and longed to enjoy a gust of breeze. He used "the thin grass shakes his head" to set off his mood, and used anthropomorphic rhetoric when empathizing with the scene, which is vivid. Lively and interesting. The last two sentences are written because I feel deeply full of residual heat, so I feel that lotus flowers are also afraid of the heat. In the evening, they still hide deeply under the lotus leaves and do not want to show up. I use the "hidden" of "lotus" to express the heat of the weather and transform it. Stillness becomes movement.

   8. Read the following poem and complete the questions.

   xiaochongshan

  岳飞

   The cicadas couldn't stop chirping last night. It's been the third update since I was shocked to return to my dream of thousands of miles. Get up and walk around the steps alone. People are quiet, and the moon is dimly bright outside the curtain. A white head is a sign of fame. The pines and bamboos in the old mountains are old, blocking the return journey. I want to express my thoughts to Yao Qin. If you have few close friends, who will listen if your string is broken?

   Some people comment on the artistic style of "Xiao Chong Mountain" as "a kind of strong feelings can be conveyed". 请您简要分析一下。

   [Answer] I am used to seeing Yue Fei's "Man Jiang Hong" (Full of Fury), which is passionate and popular. Now look at this poem "Xiao Chong Mountain", which uses another artistic technique to express his ambition to fight against the Jin Dynasty and serve the country. The so-called "a kind of ambition can be contained" refers to the fact that Yue Fei's "Little Heavy Mountain" uses an implicit technique and a low tone to express the loneliness and anger of unrealized ambitions, and expresses the aspiration to fight against the Jin Dynasty and serve the country, but it shows a melancholy and implicit style. 。

   [Analysis] "A kind of strong feelings can be implicit" has actually pointed out the artistic style of this word: "Zhuanghuai" mainly refers to tragic feelings, while "Yun Yi" means "implicit". When answering, you should use specific verses to point out how the author's feelings are implicitly expressed.

   9. Read the following Song poem and answer the questions.

   Xijiang Moon·Qianxing

   (Song) Xin Qiji

   When you are drunk and greedy for laughter, you have to worry about how much time you have to spend. Recently I have begun to realize that the ancient books are totally worthless. Last night, Songbian fell drunk and asked Song, "How do I feel about being drunk?" I just suspected that Song Song was coming to help me, so I pushed Song Song with my hand and said, "Go!"

   Please briefly analyze the language style of this poem.

  【Answer】The language of this poem has two characteristics. First, it is implicit and implicit. It is unclear why he was drunk and laughing, why he felt that the ancient books were useless, and why he fell drunk last night. Let the readers figure out the associations through the words and sentences, making the whole poem more profound. 接触。 Second, the image is vivid, and the drunk state is vividly described through actions and language descriptions.

   [Analysis] Why do you want to laugh when you are drunk? Why do you think the ancient books are useless? Why did you get drunk last night? There is no explanation in the poem, it is all up to the readers to ponder it. The description of drunkenness in the second film is vivid and vivid on the page.

   10. Read the following Song poem and answer the questions.

   Homesickness on winter solstice night in Handan

  白居易

   It's the winter solstice in Handan Posthouse, and the shadows in front of the knee-hugging lanterns accompany me.

  我想,深夜坐在家里,应该说说远方的人。

   Note: Winter Solstice: one of the twenty-four solar terms, it was an important festival in the Tang Dynasty.

   What are the characteristics of the language style of this poem? Please briefly appreciate it.

   [Answer] The language of the poem is without any elaboration, appears simple and natural (or "unpretentious" or "popular"), and the feelings are sincere. The first couplet of the poem describes the loneliness of sitting alone in a lonely house. "Handan Yili", "Winter Solstice", "Tucking one's knees", "Shadow accompanying the body", etc. do not have any decorations and are simple and popular. In the second couplet, the poet imagines that his family members are also unable to sleep late at night. The words "thinking about home" and "should still be talking about" are simple. He writes that they miss him from the perspective of his relatives, which further highlights his deep longing for his family. The emotion is sincere and touching.

   [Analysis] The author mainly uses an imaginary picture, that is, late at night during the winter solstice, the family is still sitting around in front of the lamp, talking about himself, a person who has traveled far away, to express his homesickness. The language of this poem is colloquial, simple and popular, but full of affection.

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